Woking, The Lightbox, 2D:3D – Discover the Art of Sculpture: Sculpture & Sculptors’ Drawings from The Ingram Collection, 1 February – 1 March 2008;
Woking, The Lightbox, The Ingram Collection: The Human Face, 22 July – 28 September 2008;
Woking, The Lightbox, The Ingram Collection: Colourful Lives of Artists, 30 April – 30 June 2013;
London, Canary Wharf, Bronze Sculptures from The Ingram Collection, 16 September – 15 November 2013;
Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth Arts Centre, The Human Face, 27 January – 12 March 2016
R. Buckle, Jacob Epstein Sculptor, London, 1963 (another cast illustrated, p. 267, pl. 403);
E. Silber, The Sculpture of Epstein, Oxford, 1986 (another cast illustrated, no. 321, p. 190)
Jacob Epstein’s parents were Polish Jewish refugees who lived in New York, America. His interest in drawing came from long periods of illness as a child. When he moved to London he was involved with the Bohemian art scene, rebelling against the ornate, ‘pretty’ art of the time and creating bold, large sculptures. He often produced controversial and challenging works with explicit content that confronted sexual taboos and moved away from traditional iconography. Epstein had an obsession with two women he often drew and sculpted, one with Sunita, the nickname Epstein gave to his favourite model, Amina Peerbhoy, who lived with his family from 1925-31 and the other was Deirdre who was Epstein’s family cook and housekeeper from 1939-42. Epstein produced three sculptures of her between 1941 and 1942. Critics once called Epstein’s preparatory clay modeling the ‘mud pie’ finish. This style is actually indebted to the work of Rodin.